…the contents that sit within The Guangdong Museum treasure box? The region is recognized for its carving especially in wood, ivory and jade. Within the museum there were exquisite examples of these along with embroidery, painting and ceramics.
A highlight was the Chaozhou Woodcarving exhibition. Chaozhou Woodcarving is a folk woodcarving that known for its detail, craftsmanship, and elaborate design. It has distinctive local characteristics that reflect the process, local customs, beliefs and way of life of the Chaozhou-Shantou people.
Craftsman use the basic materials of wood, lacquer, pigment and foil. Woods used include camphor, chinafir, chinaberry, and rosewood. The works featured special techniques employed to make the screens, carvings and objects. These techniques include Intaglio, Relief, Altorelievo, and Openwork and are used individually or in combination. The actual carvings were setout using metric, perspectival and isometric composition techniques. Like stone carving; in Chaozhou Woodcarving the properties of the wood inform the carving technique, layering and composition type.
The artisans had captured the essential features of nature within the wood. Most memorable were the peony flower and chrysanthemum, the structure and simplicity of the pine needles as well as the detailed scales and feathers of the mythical beasts (dragons, phoenixes etc.) The works using simpler techniques such as Intaglio (carving into surface) used only a few marks to capture these features.
Combinations of more complex techniques made a special space to experience within the carving. Patterned openwork for background (often including simplified and varied arrangements of clouds) used with more dimensional techniques such as altorelievo (three-dimensional carving that can be observed from any angle) gave focus, depth and completeness.